LGBT rights in Andalus

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LGBT rights in Andalus
Location of Andalus.svg
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since
1778 (Tiberias),
1835 (Nasser),
1869 (Abbasid)
Age of consent equalized in
1968
Gender identity/expression Change of legal sex available in all provinces and territories under varying rules
Military service LGBT+ persons allowed to serve openly
Discrimination protections Sexual orientation and gender identity protection nationwide
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
Same sex marriage legal nationwide since 2015
Adoption Legal nationwide

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Andalus are one of the most advanced in the world. During the years before Etruscan rule, same-sex sexual activity was not specifically illegal, but was socially taboo. In Tiberias, the state's sodomy law was repealed in 1777, and same sex activity was specifically legalized a year later by the National Assembly. However, there is evidence of widespread prevalence in early Abbasidi literature, including several famous scholars. Following Etrusque's conquest of Abbasid in the mid-1800s, homosexuality was fully decriminalized under reforms aimed to gain the loyalty of the local population.

President Faisal openly advocated for the advancement of LGBT rights, laying the foundations for progress on the issue in the years after his presidency. King Joseph and King Felix publicly endorsed LGBT rights and marriage equality in 2014. Although several regions had guaranteed marriage equality years before, it was not until August 2015 that it was included in the constitution, via public referendum. On December 1, 2015 a public referendum to completely re-write the constitution to use gender-neutral pronouns was passed by 83% of the electorate.

Public opinion and Living conditions[edit]

Recent polls have found that the majority of Andalusian support further recognition of same-sex relations (88% 3rd in the world, 2015). LGBT media is highly prevelant in Andalusian society. As of 2012, official figures show 11.9% of Andalus' population (8,741,646) identify as LGBT. The unsually high concentration of LGBT people is mostly due to high LGBT tourism and the immigration of them from states that are less LGBT friendly.

In addition, the 2010 census indicates that the Nuami area (Deira, Saadiyat, Safwa; 20 million people), has the highest concentration of LGBT people in Andalus, with 25.2% of the total population identifying as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender. Research has shown that Andalus' LGBT community commits almost $300 billion a year to the Andalusian economy, far surpassing that of other demographic groups. Duis Pride (first assembled 1998) is one of the few, and by far the largest LGBT Pride event in the region, attracted a record 5,000,000 in 2014. All LGBT+ persons are also allowed to serve openly in the military since 1997.

Referendums[edit]







Circle frame.svg

Support for same-sex marriage (2015 referendum)

  Against (13%)
  For (87%)

Summary table[edit]

Right Yes/No Note
Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes Since 1778
Equal age of consent Yes Since 1968
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes Since 1963
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services Yes Since 1963
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) Yes Since 2016; see LAD Act
Same-sex marriage(s) Yes Since 2007
Recognition of same-sex relationships Yes Domestic partnership benefits since 1988
Step adoption by same-sex couples Yes
Joint adoption by same-sex couples Yes Introduced with same-sex marriage in 2007
LGBT+ persons allowed to serve openly in the military Yes
Right to change legal gender Yes
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No illegal for heterosexual couples as well
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes
Automatic parenthood for both spouses after birth Yes Unknown sperm donor only for lesbian couples
MSMs allowed to donate blood Yes/No Since 2015, subject to 1 year deferral from sexual activities