House of Officers of Okaiken

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House of Officers
公議院
Kōgiin
The 34th House of Officers
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Miyata Ryōsuke, LDP
Since May 15, 2012
Majority caucus leader
Shimizu Yusaku, LDP
Since May 15, 2012
Minority Caucus Leader
Kawabe Misaki, PPO
Since May 15, 2012
Structure
Seats 251
House of Officers of Okaiken 2016.svg
Political groups

(by party as of Aug. 2016)
Ruling coalition (176):

  LDP (115)
  Kōmeitō (NKP) (22)

Opposition (339):

  PPO (89)
  OSP (20)
  SDP (3)
  SCP (2)
Elections
Direct Party and Representative Voting System (251 seats)
Last election
May 15, 2012
Next election
May 15, 2017
Meeting place
Diet of Okaiken.png
The House of Officers Building
Okami,Okaiken

The House of Officers (公議院 Kōgiin?) is the upper house of the National Diet of Okaiken. The House of Commoners is the lower house.

The House of Representatives has 251 members, on which half are elected on seven-year terms. All 251 seats are determined by the Direct Party and Representative Voting System, a form of proportional voting.

The House of Officers is the less powerful of the two houses, as it was unable to override vetoes on bills imposed by the House of Commoners. It, however, cannot be dissolved by the Prime Minister at will. The upper house is also used to continue government functions during the election period.

Right to vote and candidature[edit]

  • Sanese nationals aged 18 years and older may vote.
  • Sanese nationals aged 22 years and older may run for office in the lower house.

Differences between the Upper and Lower Houses[edit]

The House of Commoners has several powers not given to the House of Officers. If a bill is passed by the lower house (the House of Commoners) but is voted down by the upper house (the House of Officers), the bill is considered declined and sent back to the committee. However, in the case of treaties, the budget and the selection of the prime minister, the House of Officers can only delay passage, but not block the legislation. As a result, the House of Commoners is considered the more powerful house.

Members of the House of Officers, who are elected to a maximum of four years, sit for a shorter term than members of the House of Officers, who are elected to full seven-year terms. The lower house can also be dissolved by the Prime Minister or the passage of a nonconfidence motion, while the House of Officers cannot be dissolved and takes over the temporary, but limited, position in passing laws during a dissolved parliament. Thus the House of Officers is considered to be more sensitive to public opinion, and is termed the "lower house".

Current composition[edit]

(as of August 3, 2017)[1]

"In-house group" Representatives
Liberal Democratic Party (Jiyūminshutō) 115
  Progressive Party (Shinpotō) 89
Komeito (Kōmeitō) 22
Socialist Party (Okaiken Shakaitō) 20
Social Democratic Party (Shamintō) 3
Sanese Communist Party (Okaiken Kyōsantō) 2
Total 251
  1. House of Officers: Strength of the In-House Groups in the House of Commoners (Sanese version that additionally contains a list of Representatives sorted by group and by represented region: 会派名及び会派別所属議員数)