House of Commoners of Okaiken

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House of Commoners
The 58th House of Commoners
Coat of arms or logo
Satō Ryōta, SCP
Since July 27, 2016
Iwata Takatoshi, PPO
Since March 18, 2013
Prime Minister
Sho Aoyagi, SCP
Since July 27, 2016
Opposition Leader
Takahashi Naitō, LDP
Since December 7, 2012
Seats 475
House of Commoners of Okaiken 2016.svg
Political groups

(by party as of Jul. 2016)
Ruling coalition (339):

  SCP (138)
  PPO (131)
  OSP (46)
  SDP (24)

Opposition (176):

  LDP (92)
  Kōmeitō (NKP) (42)
  Kei Yamada and friends (2)
Direct Party and Representative Voting System (475 seats)
Last election
July 25, 2016
Next election
To be announced
Meeting place
Diet of Okaiken.png
The House of Commoners Building
Okami, Okaiken

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The House of Commoners (衆議院 Shūgiin?) is the lower house of the National Diet of Okaiken. The House of Officers is the upper house.

The House of Representatives has 475 members, elected for a four-year term. All 475 seats are determined by the Direct Party and Representative Voting System, a form of proportional voting.

The House of Commoners is the more powerful of the two houses, able to override vetoes on bills imposed by the House of Officers with a two-thirds majority. It can be dissolved by the Prime Minister at will, the most recent was by Toshiro Kurosawa on April 15, 2016.

Right to vote and candidature[edit]

  • Sanese nationals aged 18 years and older may vote.
  • Sanese nationals aged 22 years and older may run for office in the lower house.

Differences between the Upper and Lower Houses[edit]

The House of Commoners has several powers not given to the House of Officers. If a bill is passed by the lower house (the House of Commoners) but is voted down by the upper house (the House of Officers), the bill is considered declined and sent back to the committee. However, in the case of treaties, the budget and the selection of the prime minister, the House of Officers can only delay passage, but not block the legislation. As a result, the House of Commoners is considered the more powerful house.

Members of the House of Officers, who are elected to a maximum of four years, sit for a shorter term than members of the House of Officers, who are elected to full seven-year terms. The lower house can also be dissolved by the Prime Minister or the passage of a nonconfidence motion, while the House of Officers cannot be dissolved and takes over the temporary, but limited, position in passing laws during a dissolved parliament. Thus the House of Officers is considered to be more sensitive to public opinion, and is termed the "lower house".

Current composition[edit]

(as of July 27, 2016)[1]

"In-house group" Representatives
Sanese Communist Party (Okaiken Kyōsantō) 138
  Progressive Party (Shinpotō) 131
Liberal Democratic Party (Jiyūminshutō) 92
Socialist Party (Okaiken Shakaitō) 46
Komeito (Kōmeitō) 42
Social Democratic Party (Shamintō) 24
Kei Yamada and friends (Yamata Kei to Yūjintachi) 2
Total 475
  1. House of Commoners: Strength of the In-House Groups in the House of Commoners (Sanese version that additionally contains a list of Representatives sorted by group and by represented region: 会派名及び会派別所属議員数)