Elections in Teiko
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politics and government of
The nature of Teiko's political system has created three types of elections: national elections to elect premier and deputy premier which are held every six years (unless the current premier and vice premier was removed from office and the sangdaedeung fails to meet the 2/3 approval of the congress or failed to commence an emergency elections not more than one month succeeding the vacancy of the position), general elections to the Teiko National Council which occurs every three years, it is to be noted that the general elections and national elections coincide in an interval to allow a quorum in the congress and lastly, the prefectural and district elections of local officials in prefectures, cities, towns, villages and other recognized administrative units which occurs every three years same to that of the general elections.
All elections are supervised by election committees at each administrative level under the general direction of the Commission on Elections an floating commission that serves directly under the premier. The minimum voting age is eighteen years; voters must also satisfy a three-month residency requirement before being allowed to cast a ballot. For those seeking office, there are two sets of age requirements: twenty-one years of age for admission to the Teiko National Council and most local offices, and twenty-five years of age for candidacy to the office of the premier and vice-premier. The amount of deposit for candidacies vary from locality to another.
National elections in Teiko are held every six years with the last being held in 2009 and the next will be held on 2015. National elections only differ from general elections due to the fact that it includes the elections of the Teiko premier, vice premier and other high ranking central government offices. Throughout Teiko's history, the elected premier has always come from the dominant party but this is not always the case as the current constitution explicitly states that the premier as well as the vice premier must be separately elected via popular votes. The current premier, Seijuro Akashi was elected in 2009 under the banner of the Teiko National Party, the dominant political party in Teiko since 1986.
The national elections also elects all the members of the Teiko Royal Council. 100 district representatives are elected directly in single-seat constituencies and the other 100 members by proportional representation in 10 block districts. In this system, each voter votes twice, once for a candidate in the local constituency, and once for a party, each of which has a list of candidates for each block district. The local constituencies are decided by plurality, and the block seats are then handed out to party lists proportionally to their share of the vote.
The other 50 sectoral representatives are determined in a party-list election, where the voter votes for the party and not for the nominees (closed list), the votes are then arranged in descending order, with the parties that won at least 2% of the national vote are given one seat, with additional seats determined by a formula depending on the number of votes garnered, with no party winning more than three seats. If the number of sectoral representatives does not reach 25% of the total number of representatives (200), parties that haven't won seats are given a seat each until the 50 seats are filled up. A voter therefore has three parallel votes for the council, for the single-seat constituency district representative, for the block district representative and for the party-list representative. Neither vote affects the other.
General elections are held in Teiko every six years to elect all the members of the Teiko Royal Council, the process is the same with the national elections. In most times however this does not include election of a new representative from the represented district of the premier and the deputy premier. Being elected for the highest and second highest office in the country, they are immediately considered to hold the seat for six years unless otherwise remove from office through a vote of no confidence. However, this administrative rights does not include members of the cabinet. Thus incumbent members of the cabinet who failed to win re-election must relinquish their office immediately. The reason for the exception is to avoid constitutional problems, the premier and vice premier are voted directly from people's vote are all given six years to finish a term which is extended from the former three years to allow better implementations of policies and programs and to allow consistency in governance. The latest general elections were held in 2012 and the next is on 2018.
Prefectural and District Elections
Prefectural and district elections are held at the same time of the general elections. During this time, voters vote for the members of their prefectural governor and parliamentary as well as district councilors. Election for city, village and town council and mayors also occur at this time. Same is also true for ward captains and ward council members.
|Premier and Deputy Premier||None||Premier and Deputy Premier|
|Teiko Royal Council (Central-46)||All seats
|None||All seats |
|Prefectural Board Members||All seats||None||All seats||None||All seats|
|District Council Members and Mayors||All positions||None||All positions||None||All positions|
|Provinces, Cities and Municipalities||All positions||None||All positions||None||All positions|
|Wards||All positions||None||All positions||None||All positions|
Main article: Teiko National Elections, 2009
|Total valid votes||13,513,643||98.90%|
|Total invalid votes||150,584||1.10%|