Arriola

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Kingdom of Arriola
Unit d'Arriola (Catalan)
Reialme d'Arriola (Occitan)
Erresuma de Arrieta (Basque)
Flag of Arriola, adopted 1815
Coat of Arms of Arriola, adopted 1815
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Fuerza a través de la unidad
("Strength through Unity")
Anthem: "Himne dels Pirineus" (Catalan)
Hymn of the Pyrenees
Location of Arriola
Location of Arriola
Provinces of Arriola.svg
Autonomous communities and Provinces of Arriola
Capital Santa Coloma de Gramenet
Largest city Calabazas
Official languages Catalan
Occitan
Recognised regional languages Spanish
French
Basque
Ethnic groups 46.3% Catalan
38.4 Occitan
6.0% Spanish
5.1% French
4.2% Others
Demonym Arriolan
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional diarchy
Nicolau II
Alphonse XX
Julian Sanchez
Legislature General Junta
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
• Peace of Perpinyà
November 25, 1797 (1797-11-25)
• July Revolution
July 2, 1933 (1933-07-02)
• Restoration of the Diarchy
November 9, 1974 (1974-11-09)
Area
• Total
110,860 km2 (42,800 sq mi) (78th)
• Water (%)
1.2
Population
• 2015 estimate
23,231,789 (8th)
• 2010 census
23,006,218
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.034 trillion (37th)
• Per capita
$44,528 (24th)
Gini (2014) 26.4
low
HDI (2012) .914
very high · 14th
Currency Arriolan peseta (AIO)
Time zone EST (UTC+9)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +335
Internet TLD .pi

Arriola, officially the Kingdom of Arriola (Catalan: Unit d'Arriola) is a republic in southwest Vespucia. Arriola is the fourth most populous country in Vespucia, and the seventh largest by total area. Geographically located in the southwestern part of the Vespucci continent, the country is bordered by the Cilican Sea to the west, and the Santa Amaru mountains to the east. Arriola shares a sea border with Okaiken, with the Rancagua Islands extending over 1,000 kilometers over the Cilican Sea towards East Althena.

Originally, what is now Arriola was settled by various indigenous tribes before being explored by a number of Columbian expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, most notably Cambia and Tiberias. It was then claimed by the Cambian Empire as part of Islas del Oeste (Western Isles), following its victory in the War of Second Coalition. Islas del Oeste later became a part of the Kingdom of Vespucia in 1821 following its successful war for independence, but was ceded back to Cambia in the Treaty of San Lorenzo. A second uprising, the Arriolan War of Independence, began in 1872 as part of the wider Columbian conflict, and concluded with the Treaty of Duisburg, which granted Arriola official independence in 1874.

Arriola is a democracy organised in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional diarchy. It is a middle power and a major developed country with the world's twenty-first largest economy by nominal GDP and twenty-fourth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe (CoE), the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and many other international organisations.

Etymology[edit]

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

Columbian colonization and rule[edit]

Independence movements[edit]

Independence[edit]

Revolution[edit]

Post-revolution[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

Arriola is organized into three branches of government – the executive branch consisting of the President and Vice President and the other independently elected constitutional officers; the legislative branch consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and Senate; and the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of Arriola and lower courts. The Constitution of 1974 also allows ballot propositions: direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall, and ratification. Before the passage of Proposition 9 (2007), the government of Arriola allowed each political party to choose whether to have a closed primary or a primary where only party members and independents vote. At the primary election, the two candidates with the top votes will advance to the general election regardless of party affiliation. If at a special primary election, one candidate receives more than 50% of all the votes cast, they are elected to fill the vacancy and no special general election will be held.

Law[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Foreign relations[edit]

Military[edit]

Aircraft carrier/assault ship Montserrat (L61), multirole fighter Eurofighter Typhoon, Boeing CH-47 Chinook, universal tank Leopard 2

The military of Arriola is known as the Arriolan Armed Forces (Catalan: Forces Armades Arriolans). The Commander-in-chief is the King of Arriola, Nicolau II.

The Arriolan Armed Forces are made up of three branches:

Human rights[edit]

LGBT rights[edit]

Arriola has been recognized as one of the most culturally liberal and LGBT-friendly countries in the world and LGBT culture has had a significant role in Arriolan literature, music, cinema and other forms of entertainment as well as social issues and politics. Public opinion on homosexuality is noted by pollsters as being overwhelmingly positive, with a recent studies revealing around 90 percent of Arriolan citizens accepting homosexuality, making it the most LGBT-friendly of the countries polled. LGBT visibility has also increased in several layers of society such as the Guardia Civil, army, judicial, and clergy. The cities of Stiges and Barcelona also have a reputation as two of the most LGBT-friendly cities in the world.

Same-sex marriage became legal in 2004 following a year long campaign which culminated in a referendum, in which 66% of participants voted in favor of the change. All of Arriola's autonomous communities ban discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and sex characteristics as of 2015.

Economy[edit]

Eixample has become one of Arriola's most popular tourist destinations

Arriola's participatory economy is the world's twenty-first largest economy by nominal GDP and twenty-fourth largest by purchasing power parity, along with the tenth-largest in Europe. It has a "very high" rating on the Human Development Index and a high GDP per capita, with a strong domestic market size and a growing share of the high-tech sector.

Since 2005 Economist Intelligence Unit's quality of life survey has placed Arriola among the top 10 in the world. In 2014 the same survey (now called the "Where-to-be-born index"), ranked Arriola 8th in the world. The economy of Arriola strongly benefits from high rates of worker participation, a highly educated population, low levels of corruption, and its comprehensive social safety net.

An important aspect of Arriola's economy since the Revolution is the strongly decentralized planning based on participatory economic ideals, including common ownership, worker's self management, and mutal aid.

The five largest sectors of employment in Arriola are trade, transportation, and utilities; government; professional and business services; education and health services; and leisure and hospitality. In output, the five largest sectors are financial services, followed by trade, transportation, and utilities; education and health services; government; and manufacturing. Arriola's unemployment rate as of July 2014 was 3.1%.

Economic history and growth[edit]

Finances[edit]

Transport[edit]

Infrastructure in Arriola is considered one of the most efficient and most reliable in Europe and the world. Arriola's strategic location on the Mediterranean at the crossroads of Western Europe and the Iberian Peninsula, it is responsible for high amounts of international passage. Rail travel has become increasingly attractive option for commuters, in part due to government subsidies and increasing gas prices. Car ownership has shown a rapid decline in recent years,There are 19,000 kilometres (7,500 mi) of roads throughout Arriola.

An AAV train in Girona.

The principal highways are AP-7 (Autopista de la Mediterrània) and A-7 (Autovia de la Mediterrània). They follow the coast from the French border at Bordeux to Marseilles and Girona. The main roads generally radiate from Barcelona. The AP-2 (Autopista del Nord-est) and A-2 (Autovia del Nord-est) connect inland and onward to Lleida.

Arriola has the most extensive high-speed rail network in Europe, and one of the most extensive in the world. As of October 2010, Arriola has a total of 1,850 km of high-speed tracks linking Barcelona, Stiges, Marsaille, Bordeaux, and Santa Coloma, with the trains reaching speeds up to 300 km/h (190 mph). On average, the Arriolan high-speed train is one of the fastest one in the world. Regarding punctuality, it is second in the world (98.54% on-time arrival) after the Japanese Shinkansen (99%). Should the aims of the ambitious AAV programme (Arriolan high speed trains) be met, by 2020 Arriola will have 3,500 km (2,174.80 mi) of high-speed trains linking almost all provincial cities to Barcelona in less than three hours.

Culture[edit]

Regionalism and nationalism[edit]

Geography[edit]

Media[edit]

Culture[edit]

See also[edit]