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Andalusianism (Apomonese: Ανδαλουσιανοί, Andalousianoí), more commonly known as Pasternakism after its founder Mateo Pasternak, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century Andalusian Social Democratic Labour Party and quasi-communist state – and, by extension, other far-left groups and regimes. Usually characterized as a form of communism that incorporates nationalism and irredentism it has been criticized by some as a form of red fascism. Andalusianism developed out of the influences of Pan-Andalusianism, and the anti-imperialism paramilitary groups that emerged following the establishment of the Andalusian Confederation.
The Andalusianist ideology has been criticized internationally, being attested to be a form of Andalusian ethnic nationalism, acting in order to elevate the Andalusian government to the status of "guardians of the Andalusian people" and acting as a foundation of the subsequent cult surrounding Andalusian society. The ideology further claims that Andalusia is the natural home of the "Andalusian people".
Racism was vehemently opposed by the Andalusian Social Democratic Labour Party, and it was actively targeted by the party as "un-Andalusian" and subjected to a series of vigorous propaganda campaigns. The state maintained a policy of affirmative action, and there was a minimum quota of 45% for the employment and representation of ethnic minorities. These ideas were set forward by the ideology's founder, Mateo Pasternak:
...Racism does not come naturally to the Andalusian people. It must be rooted out at the source, opposed in all forms. The idea that an entire group should be looked down upon due to their ethnic background is absurd. It has no place in our revolutionary society.—July 14, 1965
Mateo Pasternak, Prime Minister
New Andalusian person