Alcúdia

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Free State of Alucida
Estado Libre de Alcúdia (Spanish)
Estat Lliure de Alcúdia (Catalan)
Flag Seal
Anthem: "Que Bonita Bandera"
What a Beautiful Flag
Status Sui generis special collectivity
Capital
and largest city
Meritxell
Official languages Spanish (most commonly used)
Catalan
Common languages 74.7% Spanish
20.3% Catalan
5.0% Others
Ethnic groups 55.8% White
23.3% Multiracial
12.4% Black
0.5% Indigenous
0.2% Asian
<0.1% Pacific Islander
7.8% Other
Demonym Alcudian (formal)
Borrera (colloquial)
Country  Arriola
Government Dependent territory
Danel Zúñiga
Ricky Rosselló (PNA)
Legislature Cortes Generales
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Special collectivity of Arriola
August 10, 1839
Area
• Total
9,104 km2 (3,515 sq mi) (169th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,011,385 (130th)
• 2010 census
1,013,864
• Density
375/km2 (971.2/sq mi) (29th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$36.703 billion (75th)
• Per capita
$36,290 (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$31.291 billion (62th)
• Per capita
$30,939 (32nd)
Gini (2011) 28.9
low
HDI (2015) 0.852
very high · 39th
Currency Euro
Time zone Atlantic (UTC-4)
• Summer (DST)
no longer observed (UTC-4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +3-787, +3-939
ISO 3166 code EA
Internet TLD .ea

Alcúdia, officially the Free State of Alcúdia (Spanish: Estado Libre de Alcúdia, lit. "Free State of Alcúdia") is an special collectivity of the Aranese Community located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.

It is an archipelago that includes the main island of Alcúdia and a number of smaller ones, such as Nueva Mallorca, Tagomago, and Rosselló. The capital and most populous city is Meritxell. Its official languages are Spanish and Catalan, though Spanish predominates. The island's population is approximately one million. Alcudians are full Arriolan citizens, and are represented in the Arriolan Parliament by two senators and two deputies.

Four centuries of Spanish colonial government influenced the island's cultural landscapes with waves of African slaves, Canarian, and Andalusian settlers. Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the middle of the 19th century, helping to produce a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined elements from the Native Americans, Africans, and Iberians. In 1838, following the stalemate caused by Aranese intervention in the First Carlist War, Spain agreed to cede Alcúdia and it's surrounding islands under the terms of the Convention of Vergara. The next century saw a concerted effort by Aranese leadership both to ensure the political allegiance of its new subjects and to alter their cultural identity. Their attempts were successful in the former but failed in the latter. Alcudian culture has become a reflection of the blending of Iberian influences with that of indigenous and African peoples.

Alucdians are by law natural-born citizens of Arriola and may move freely between the islands and other Aranese territory. Alcudians are recognized as a constituent nationality of Arriola by the Aranese Constituition, thus Alcudian citizenship continues to be recognized by the Aranese government. However Alcudia's representation in wider Aranese governance is restricted, as it is administered as a dependant territory, and thus does not have a direct vote in the General Junta. Instead, two seats in the General Junta are reserved, and the deputies are appointed by the Cortes Generales of Alcudia.